Urology Facts

Our urinary system is a fine and rather intricate structure composed of major organs and systems that work together to filter liquids that get into our bodies through food and later remove leftover waste products.

1. Kidneys are one of the most vital organs that help filter urea from the blood that appeared as a result of protein breakdown from food. Additionally, kidneys, 2 fist sized organs located in the lower back area, filter liquids that we get from food and pass waste products down to the bladder for excretion.

2. The excess bodily fluids are pushed down from kidneys into thin tubes called urerters. The urerters pass this liquid into the bladder with the help of urerters’ muscle contractions. At times in patients suffering from kidney stones, small stone particles could be washed down thin urerters that get fully blocked requiring an emergency surgical procedure.

3. The bladder is another important organ in the urinary system that is shaped like a hollow sack positioned inside a pelvis. A bladder of an adult can hold about 2 cups of urine at a time. Once the bladder is full, we feel a strong urge to urinate. It’s recommended you empty your bladder regularly, about every 2-3 hours to avoid bladder infection. Once the urine gets too concentrated, your chances of developing bladder or urinary tract infections doubles. People with bladder infections cannot hold urine for a long time because the lining of the bladder is inflamed and it sends continuous messages to empty the bladder, though there might not be much urine at all. Urinary tract infections should not be taken lightly because the infection can spread to nearby organs, kidneys causing dangerous health situations.

4. Normally, if you are healthy a bladder is held tightly shut by special bladder muscles called sphincters. Unfortunately, many people suffer from urinary incontinence due to a variety of reasons, including age factors, pregnancy, chronic conditions or the urinary system and many more.

5. Once you relax the sphincters, the urine inside your bladder is gently released and drained through a special passage called urethra. A male’s urethra is much longer compared to a female’s. This fact makes females several times more likely to contract a urinary tract infection.

6. While females are prone to recurring UTI’s, male’s urinary system makes them susceptible to developing a host of male prostate problems. With age a male’s prostate enlarges which forces a urethra to tighten restricting a normal urinary flow. Very often male prostate problems may also lead to erectile dysfunction and other sexual performance problems.

7. Many doctors analyze patients’ urinary system facts by taking a simple urine sample that could tell a lot about their patients’ health. Protein in urine could be a sign of kidney problems. If sugar is found in urine, it can signal impending diabetes condition.